Agriturismo Casa Gioconda: dintorno

Surroundings: Cividale del Friuli

Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Elevation 135 m (410 ft)
Area 50 km2 (19 sq mi)
Population 11,547 2007
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Gentilic Cividalesi
Patron San Donato

Cividale del Friuli

Cividale del Friuli (Friulian Cividât) is a town in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Northern Italy, 15 km by rail from Udine, whose province it belongs to. The town is in the foothills of the eastern Alps close to the Slovenian border, 453 ft. above sea-level. It is situated on the river Natisone, which forms a picturesque ravine here. Formerly an important regional power, it is today a quiet, small town that attracts tourists thanks to its medieval center.

Cividale was founded as a Roman municipium by Julius Caesar in 50 BCE on the newly built Via Julia Augusta, which passed through Utina (Udine) on its way north, with the name of Forum Iulii ("Julius' Forum"; Fréjus had the same Roman name). Archaeological findings have revealed that the area was already settled by Veneti and Celts.

After the decay of Aquileia and Iulium Carnicum (Zuglio), it became the chief town of the district of Friuli and gave its name to it. In 568 the city was the first major centre occupied by Alboin's Lombard invasion of Italy, then part of the Byzantine Empire. The city was chosen as first capital of the newly-formed Lombard Kingdom, then granted by Alboin to his nephew Gisulf as the capital of a Lombard Duchy of Friuli. After the Lombards were defeated by the Franks, (774), following the last Lombard resistance under Hrodgaud of Friuli (776) Forum Julii changed its name to Civitas Austriae, Charlemagne's Italian "City of the East".

Under the Carolingian settlement with the Papacy, the patriarchs of Aquileia resided here from 773 to 1031, when they returned to Aquileia, and finally in 1238 removed to Udine. This last change of residence was the origin of the antagonism between Cividale and Udine, which was only terminated by their surrender to Venice in 1419 and 1420 respectively. When the Patriarch State of Friuli was founded in 1077, Cividale was chosen as the capital.

In 1420 Cividale was annexed to the Republic of Venice.

After the Napoleonic Wars parenthesis, Cividale became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1866.